Article 4318

Title of the article

THE CONTRIBUTION BY P. S. PALLAS TO THE BOTANICAL STUDY OF MIDDLE VOLGA REGION 

Authors

Sytin Andrey Kirillovich, Doctor of biological sciences, leading researcher, “Higher plants herbarium” department, Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (2 Professora Popova street, Saint-Petersburg, Russia),
E-mail: andrey.sytin.bin@gmail.com
Senator Stepan Aleksandrovich, Candidate of biological sciences, senior researcher, laboratory of phytodiversity problems, Institute of Ecology of the Volga River Basin of the Russian Academy of Science (10 Komzina street, Togliatti, Russia),
E-mail: stsenator@yandex.ru 

Index UDK

58+001.891.32(470.40/.43) 

DOI

10.21685/2307-9150-2018-3-4 

Abstract

Background. The contribution of academician P. S. Pallas (1741–1811) to the botanical study of Middle Volga region is considered.
Materials and methods. The basis of study is the result of content analysis of “Travel to different provinces…” by P. S. Pallas. The plants names noted by P. S. Pallas are compared with the currently nomenclature. Russian plants names used in the second half of the 18th century were identified.
Results. The resulting materials are the basis for identifying of the flora dynamics, determine the priority of mentioning certain species of vascular plants, they are a source for studying the features of using phytonyms. Particular attention is paid to the range of crops cultivated in Middle Volga region in the 18th century.
Conclusions. The result of P. S. Pallas’s botanical research in the Middle Volga region is the first indication in the scientific literature of 163 indigenous species of vascular plants, identification of their ecological preferences and phytogeographical patterns of distribution. Almost all the plants noted by P. S. Pallas are known in the currently flora of the Middle Volga region. Their geographical localization and association with certain types of habitats provide a basis for identifying the dynamics of vegetation cover for 250 years. 

Key words

academic expeditions in the 18th century, Peter Simon Pallas, flora, phytonyms, Pallas’s method, botanical local history, Middle Volga region 

 

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Дата обновления: 19.03.2019 13:51